Ages and Stages

These developmental milestones show some of the milestones that mark early vision development and the progress of young children as they grow. Watch for any signs that your baby is not meeting these milestones and talk to your physician right away of you have any concerns.
If you have concerns about your child’s vision, don’t wait. The sooner a problem is identified the sooner your child can have the help he or she need for the best opportunity for healthy development.

By Six Weeks

Developmental Milestones
  • stares at surroundings when awake
  • briefly looks at bright lights/objects
  • blinks in response to light
  • eyes and head move together

As their vision develops,
babies enjoy:
  • looking at you while you hold them close
  • looking at toys with bright colours
  • looking at objects with reflective qualities (such as mirrors)
  • watching mobiles with simple black and white shapes
  • watching things that move

By Three Months

Developmental Milestones
  • eyes glance from one object to another
  • eyes follow a moving object/person
  • stares at caregiver’s face
  • begins to look at hands, food and bottle

As their vision develops,
babies enjoy:
  • studying your face
  • watching toys move from the side to the front of them
  • looking at and reaching for objects hanging across
    their cribs
  • toys with bright colours and interesting patterns
  • using a night light in their rooms

By Six Months

Developmental Milestones
  • eyes move to inspect surroundings
  • eyes move to look for source of sounds
  • swipes or reaches for objects
  • smiles and laughs when he or she sees you smile and laugh

As their vision develops,
babies enjoy:
  • looking at their reflection in a mirror
  • looking back and forth between two favourite objects
  • seeing the world from different positions (e.g., high chair, floor, other furniture)
  • toys that have complex patterns and toys that move (e.g., “jack in the box”)
  • playing “peek-a-boo” games

By Twelve Months

Developmental Milestones
  • eyes turn inwards as objects move close to nose
  • watches activities in surroundings for longer time periods
  • looks for a dropped toy
  • visually inspects objects and people
  • creeps towards favourite toy

As their vision develops,
babies enjoy:
  • putting toys in and out of containers (and also in their mouths)
  • playing with similar objects of different sizes (e.g., stacking rings, nesting cups, blocks)
  • looking at board books with thick cardboard pages and simple coloured pictures
  • pushing buttons or twisting knobs to make toys start
  • watching outside activities through a window

By Two Years

Developmental Milestones
  • guides reaching and grasping for objects with the vision
  • looks at simple pictures in a book
  • points to objects or people
  • looks for and points to pictures in books
  • looks where he or she is going when walking and climbing

As their vision develops,
babies enjoy:
  • reading books with pictures of simple scenes and objects
  • looking at photographs of family members and pets
  • playing with simple board puzzles
  • using blocks to play with and to build towers
  • making trips outside to the store, the park, the library to watch people and activities

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